Head injuries can occur as a result of contact sports, a fall, or while playing on a playground. This type of trauma can lead to worrisome symptoms that should be checked out by a pediatric care provider. If your child experiences head injury, look for signs of:
Serious head injuries that result in brain bleeding or swelling should be treated in an emergency room as soon as possible. This type of injury can be life threatening and should not be taken lightly. If you suspect your child may have a concussion, they should be evaluated at After Hours Kids. Any head injury with symptoms more than just pain where the child hit his/her head is likely a concussion and should be evaluated. Head injuries often happen in the evening and the Pediatric Nurse Practitioners at After Hours Kids are available late into the evening to evaluate your injured child and give you peace of mind.
The first step in treating a child’s head injury involves gathering their health history. The Pediatric Nurse Practitioner at After Hours Kids performs a neurological exam. Usually, a diagnosis is made and the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner gives your child a detailed treatment plan, along with activity restrictions, if needed. If a concussion is diagnosed, a follow-up appointment will be recommended in 48-72 hours after injury at SportsSafe, a pediatric concussion clinic.
If symptoms are severe, occasionally a child will be referred to Dell Children’s Medical Center for evaluation to consider imaging (CT scan of the head).
Sprains, strains, and fractures are often a normal part of growing up. The Pediatric Nurse Practitioners at After Hours Kids have extensive experience treating these types of injuries. If a child has a fracture, initial management typically involves immobilizing the joint with a splint and treating pain and swelling with ice and ibuprofen. Since swelling following fracture can be significant, casting with the orthopedist is not done for 2-3 days after the injury so swelling can go down. If there is a fracture where an obvious deformity is noticed or bone is visualized, go straight to Dell Children’s Emergency Room or call 9-1-1.
Nursemaid’s elbow is commonly seen in young children (1 to 4 years old), usually due to a ligament slipping into the elbow joint. If your child does not want to move his/her arm and you are suspecting a nursemaid’s elbow, the Pediatric Nurse Practitioners can assess the injury and use a maneuver to fix the dislocation. The maneuver itself is fast, although it will cause some pain. Immediately after the maneuver, your child will no longer have any pain and will be able to use his/her arm normally.
A strain happens when a muscle gets stretched too far, causing pain and discomfort. If your child strains a muscle, the injury may feel sore and appear swollen or bruised. A sprain is an injury to the ligaments that hold bones together at a joint. Areas of the body that are vulnerable to sprains include the ankles, knees, and wrists. Sprains are common injuries during sports activities.